Botox injection is a prescription medicine that helps improve the appearance of facial wrinkles, and treats some medical conditions, by causing muscles to relax, as this product blocks nerve signals to the muscles.
Botox Cosmetic and Botox injections are both FDA-approved medicines, Botox Cosmetic is used to soften facial wrinkles, and Botox injections are used to treat medical conditions like chronic migraines, specific bladder issues, excessive sweating, and other muscle-related medical conditions.
The difference between Botox and Botox Cosmetic is they are different strengths once the vial has been made up, and they have different FDA-approved uses. Therefore they should not be used interchangeably.
Botox and Botox Cosmetic contain onabotulinumtoxinA, which is one of the botulinum toxins from the class of medicines called neurotoxins.
Other botulinum toxins FDA approved medicines are abobotulinumtoxina (Dysport), incobotulinumtoxina (Xeomin), daxibotulinumtoxinA-lanm (Daxxify), prabotulinumtoxina (Jeuveau) and rimabotulinumtoxinb (Myobloc).
What are Botox Cosmetic and Botox used for?
Facial wrinkles. Botox Cosmetic is used (FDA approved) to help smooth facial wrinkles, specifically moderate to severe forehead lines, crow’s feet lines (wrinkles near the outer corner of the eye), and frown lines between the eyebrows in adults.
Botox is used for:
Chronic Migraine. To prevent chronic migraines in adult patients who have 15 or more headaches a month that last for 4 hours a day or longer. For migraines, botox can be injected into seven specific areas of the head and neck muscles.
Results usually last up to 12 weeks, depending on the individual patient. This product has not been established as safe or effective for the prevention of episodic migraine (14 headache days or fewer per month) in seven placebo-controlled studies.
Cervical dystonia. This product is used in patients 16 years and older to treat cervical dystonia, which is a condition that causes your neck muscles to contract abnormally. This makes your neck twist and causes your head to tilt to one side, forward, or backward.
Muscle stiffness: This product is also used to treat muscle stiffness (spasticity) of the arms, hands, legs, and feet in adults and children who are at least 2 years old. Spasticity is when there is an abnormal increase in muscle tone or stiffness of muscle, which can cause problems with movement and speech, or can cause discomfort or pain.
Eye muscle conditions. This product is used to treat specific eye muscle conditions caused by nerve disorders in adults and children who are at least 12 years old. This includes uncontrolled blinking or spasm of the eyelids (benign essential blepharospasm), and a condition in which the eyes do not point in the same direction (strabismus).
Bladder issues. This product is used in adults to treat overactive bladder and urinary incontinence (urine leakage) that has not been helped by other medication. This product may be used to treat incontinence caused by nerve disorders such as spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis. This product is also used to treat the neurologic condition neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) in pediatric patients 5 years of age and older. Botox is only used for bladder issues when patients have an inadequate response or are intolerant to an anticholinergic medication.
Excessive sweating. This product is also used to treat severe underarm sweating (primary axillary hyperhidrosis) in adults.
You should not this product if you have an infection in the area where the medicine will be injected. This medicine should not be used to treat overactive bladder or incontinence if you have a current bladder infection or if you are unable to urinate (unless you routinely use a catheter).
The botulinum toxin contained in this product can spread to other body areas beyond where it was injected. This can cause serious life-threatening side effects.
Call your doctor at once if you have a hoarse voice, drooping eyelids, vision problems, severe eye irritation, severe muscle weakness, loss of bladder control, or trouble breathing, talking, or swallowing.